Are Dachshund Aggressive?

 Dachshund Aggressive

Dachshunds, originally bred as small game hunters, exhibit remarkable confidence and possess a muscular build that defines their physical prowess. When contemplating their disposition, the topic of aggression often arises. This breed, while celebrated for its cuteness and liveliness, has a historical connection to aggression rooted in its genetic makeup.

Dachshunds are not inherently aggressive, but like any dog, their behavior depends on factors like socialization, and individual temperament. Dachshunds, tasked with hunting badgers, were genetically predisposed to assertive behavior. The badger, known for its ferocity, often found itself in confrontations with Dachshunds. Whether deep in underground burrows or solitary in the woods.

As per owners, before getting one they are always curious about if Dachshunds are aggressive dogs or not, which might also lead them to think, ”When Do Dachshunds Stop Growing“, ”Do Dachshunds Shed“, ”Are Dachshunds Good With Other Dogs“, ”Do Dachshunds Like To Cuddle“, ”Are Dachshunds Good With Cats“.

Are Dachshunds Aggressive Dogs?

In the December 2008 issue of the Journal of Applied Animal Behaviour Science, a study conducted by researchers at the School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, delved into the intriguing question of, “Are Dachshunds Aggressive Dogs?” Their findings shed light on the breed’s propensity for aggression, sparking a significant discussion within the scientific community.

In 2018, a tragic incident in Oklahoma drew widespread attention when a woman was mauled and killed by what was initially described as “a pack of Dachshunds.” However, subsequent investigations revealed a complex scenario. Seven dogs were involved in the attack, but they were not purebred Dachshunds.

A technician responsible for euthanizing the animals identified six of them as Dachshund-terrier mixes. Contrarily, the investigating Sheriff maintained that the breed of the dogs could not be definitively determined, distancing them from the Dachshund label.

Is it Common for a Dachshund to be Aggressive?

Dachshunds, beloved for their unique appearance and charming personality, are often a topic of curiosity for dog enthusiasts. When discussing the question, “Is it common for a Dachshund to be aggressive?” it’s essential to delve into the complex interplay of factors that contribute to a Dachshund’s behavior.

Aggression in Dachshunds can be attributed to a combination of inbred and learned behavior. While their genetic predisposition may play a role, it is the learned behavior that significantly influences their demeanor. This is where the owner’s responsibility comes into play. Owners must invest time and effort in understanding their Dachshund’s temperament and identifying potential triggers for aggression.

What Causes a Dachshund to Be Aggressive?

Just because Dachshunds are genetically predisposed to aggression doesn’t mean every one of them will be or that genetics is the only factor that can contribute to this negative behavior.

There could be several other external factors contributing to your pup’s aggressive tendencies.


In the realm of dog behavior, understanding the interplay of dog breeds, fear hormones, and aggression is pivotal. When a dog finds itself in a fearful or threatening situation, it is more likely to display aggression. This instinctive reaction, often termed the “fight or flight” attitude, is a direct consequence of the perceived threat. The release of fear hormones within the dog’s body triggers a cascade of responses, culminating in a choice between fleeing from the threat or resorting to aggression as a means to ward it off.

Fearful Situations Can Include:
  • In such fearful situations, dogs may face various triggers, including encounters with dogs or people much larger than themselves.
  • The invasion of their personal space, despite their subtle body language cues indicating a desire to be left alone, can amplify their fear. These cues may manifest as looking sideways, showing the whites of their eyes, attempting to move away or hide, licking their lips, and even yawning.
  • When strangers or other dogs invade their space and exhibit aggressive body language, it can exacerbate their sense of threat.
  • Other dogs that seem threatening or are showing aggressive body language toward them

Anxiety or Boredom

Anxiety and boredom are two significant factors that can influence the behavior of Dachshunds and other dog breeds. When Dachshunds experience separation anxiety or stress, they may resort to aggressive behaviors as a means of coping. Similarly, boredom can lead to destructive tendencies in these dogs.

Dachshunds, like many other breeds, require an outlet for their pent-up energy and emotions. When they don’t have opportunities for physical and mental stimulation, they can become bored and anxious. This restlessness often manifests as aggression or destructive behavior.

To prevent such issues, it’s crucial to keep Dachshunds well-exercised and entertained. Regular physical activity not only helps alleviate boredom but also reduces their anxiety levels. Providing them with stimulating toys, puzzles, and activities can keep their minds engaged, further preventing the display of aggression.

Social Aggression

In the realm of canine behavior, Dachshunds, like many other dogs, exhibit a fascinating social hierarchy. Understanding this hierarchical dynamic is crucial when delving into the world of social aggression in these lovable pups. Dachshunds, with their distinctive personalities, often react aggressively towards other dogs to establish their position within this hierarchy.

To mitigate any potential issues stemming from social aggression, it is imperative to commence the process of socializing your Dachshund from a tender age. Early socialization is the key to ensuring that your pup develops positive relationships with their fellow canine companions. By introducing them to various social situations and different dogs, you can help your Dachshund grasp the nuances of social etiquette and foster harmonious interactions.

Predatory Aggression

Predatory aggression in Dachshunds is a fascinating aspect of their behavior. These dogs, known for their hunting lineage, exhibit a natural inclination towards chasing small animals and wildlife. This predatory behavior is deeply rooted in their breeding history, where they were specifically bred for the hunt. When their prey drive is stimulated, it can trigger displays of aggression.

Understanding this behavior is crucial for dog owners. When engaging in playful activities, such as a game, it’s not uncommon for a Dachshund to become over-excited. This heightened state can activate their prey drive, causing them to chase and display aggressive tendencies, even towards their human companions. It’s essential to strike a balance between playfulness and maintaining a calm environment to prevent such situations.


In the realm of canine behavior, Dachshunds stand out as a unique breed with distinct characteristics. These small, elongated dogs were initially bred to hunt in packs, with an alpha leader guiding the way. The concept of dominance plays a crucial role in their genetic makeup. From early puppyhood, Dachshunds exhibit their innate tendencies, attempting to establish dominance not only among fellow animals but also among their human family members.

As Dachshunds grow into adult dogs, their dominant behavior can become more pronounced. They may assert their authority by baring their fangs, even during playtime, which, if left unchecked, can lead to a pet that considers itself the master of its domain. This self-perceived dominance can pose a risk, as an adult Dachshund might be prone to aggressive behavior towards other animals or humans if it feels its dominance is under threat.

Territorial Behavior

Dachshunds emerge as a striking example of protective instincts within the confines of their homes. When a new entrant dares to cross their threshold, these small but spirited canines exhibit their assertive nature. Initially, they may respond with a warning growl or a sharp bark, their innate protective instincts kicking in.

Dachshund's Territorial Behavior

However, it’s crucial to recognize that this response is not necessarily an expression of aggression. Instead, it reflects their dedication to their owners and their homes. The role of the owner in shaping this behavior is pivotal. Through diligent training and patient socialization, an owner can guide their Dachshund toward distinguishing between friendly strangers and genuine intruders.


Possessiveness in Dachshunds is a characteristic that often surfaces in their relationships with toys, bones, and other belongings. These lovable canines exhibit an acute sense of ownership, cherishing their favorite possessions. However, this trait can take a less endearing turn when it leads to snarling or even biting if anyone attempts to take away these cherished items.

The key to mitigating possessiveness lies in early socialization and instilling confidence in your Dachshund that their possessions need not be guarded with aggression. By teaching them that sharing is not synonymous with loss, you can help your furry companion overcome possessiveness tendencies. This positive reinforcement fosters a more harmonious coexistence, where possessions can be enjoyed without triggering defensive behaviors.

Food Aggression

Food aggression in Dachshunds can be attributed to a variety of factors, with possessive behavior and an in-born tendency to protect their food being prominent triggers. These tiny but determined dogs may display aggression during meal times, especially if they have experienced food scarcity in their early years. This behavior can escalate to the point where they may even bite their owners if disturbed while eating.

To address food aggression in Dachshunds, early conditioning plays a crucial role. Establishing a regular feeding schedule can help create a sense of routine and security for the dog. Additionally, feeding with your own hands occasionally and gently touching the puppy while it is eating can foster trust and a positive association with mealtime.

Introducing small portions to the food bowl gradually allows the puppy to recognize you as a food provider, not a food taker. By employing these methods, you can mitigate food aggression tendencies and ensure a more harmonious dining experience for both you and your Dachshund. Food aggression is a manageable issue, and with the right approach, you can help your beloved pet develop a healthier relationship with food.

Poor Socialization

Poor socialization can significantly contribute to aggression in dogs, particularly breeds like the Dachshund. When these dogs haven’t been properly socialized, they often develop a sense of fear and anxiety in unfamiliar situations or around new people, which may ultimately manifest as aggressive behavior.

To proactively address this issue, it is essential to commence the socialization process from a young age. This involves systematically exposing your Dachshund to various people, different places, and diverse experiences, all in a positive and reassuring manner. Consider taking your Dachshund to the local dog park, going for walks in new neighborhoods, or enrolling them in obedience classes to ensure a well-rounded exposure.

How to Stop Dachshund Aggression?

Below are some tips you can do to stop Dachshund’s aggression.

Use Positive Reinforcement

Positive reinforcement is a powerful tool in dog training. When working with your dog, it’s essential to use positive reinforcement techniques to encourage them to obey your commands. Start by carrying some of your dog’s favorite treats with you when you take them for a walk around your house. If your dog begins to growl or bark at people or other animals during the walk, gently move them away from the source of their agitation and offer them treats as soon as they stop growling or barking.

Instead of punishing your dog for their aggressive behavior towards strangers, use rewards like treats to incentivize them to exhibit more desirable conduct. By consistently rewarding your Dachshund when it obeys your commands and remains calm around people and other animals, you can gradually fix its aggressive tendencies. This approach not only creates a safer environment but also fosters a positive relationship between you and your pet.

Ask for Professional Help

When dealing with a Dachshund displaying aggressive behavior, seeking the assistance of a professional can be a wise decision. Whether you opt to enroll your Dachshund in a structured puppy class or consult a skilled dog whisperer or an experienced animal behaviorist, professional help offers a tailored approach to address your dog’s aggression issues effectively.

One of the key advantages of turning to a professional is the significant progress you can expect in your dog’s behavior. These experts not only provide valuable feedback on your Dachshund’s temperament. But also guide you in managing and maintaining your newfound good behavior.

Never Punish Your Dog

When it comes to addressing Dachshund aggression, it’s crucial to understand that positive training methods can play a significant role in transforming their behavior. Instead of resorting to punishing techniques, which may only make them more fearful and aggressive. They consider the lineage of your dog and the impact of their past experiences.

Hitting or coercing your dog should never be an option, as it not only leads to distress but also fails to address the root causes of bad behavior. Rather than blaming their lineage, it’s essential to nurture a positive and supportive environment that promotes good behavior. By doing so, you can ensure a harmonious relationship with your Dachshund, promoting their well-being and preventing any potential turn towards aggression.

Don’t Play Rough Games With Your Dog

When it comes to playtime with your beloved Dachshund, it’s essential to ensure that your dog enjoys the activity without triggering any aggressive behavior. Dachshunds, often affectionately referred to as “Dackels” in German, were originally bred as hunters and not as the typical lap dogs we see today. Understanding their natural instincts is crucial to creating a harmonious relationship.

Engaging in rough games or activities involving chasing might seem like harmless fun, especially when your Dachshund is still a puppy. However, it’s vital to recognize that such games can stimulate their aggressive side. This stimulation could lead your Dachshund to snarl or even bite, which is something no pet owner wants to experience.

Have Your Dog Checked If It Needs Medication

When it comes to addressing Dachshund aggression, it’s crucial to consider a holistic approach to ensure your beloved pet’s well-being. If you notice unusual behavior, such as increased aggression, it could be indicative of underlying issues like anxiety, trauma, or physical pain. In such cases, it’s essential to prioritize your dog’s health and happiness.

First and foremost, consult a reputable veterinarian who specializes in Dachshunds. Your trusted veterinarian will thoroughly examine your pet to identify any potential sources of distress, whether it’s anxiety, fear, or an undetected physical ailment causing the aggression. They will also prescribe the appropriate behavioral medication if necessary.

Training alone may not always suffice when dealing with severe aggression in your Dachshund. It’s essential to recognize that your dog’s behavior is their way of communicating their discomfort. By addressing the root causes through a combination of medication and therapy, you can significantly improve their quality of life and mitigate aggression.

Be Direct With What You Think Your Dog Needs

It’s crucial for every owner to closely examine their lifestyle and its impact on their beloved pet. The Dachshund, a unique breed with specific needs, relies on its owner for guidance and care. One of the primary factors contributing to aggressive behavior in Dachshunds can be traced back to the environment they are raised.

Another critical aspect is the time you can dedicate to your furry companion. Dachshunds thrive on human interaction and require a significant amount of attention. When owners find themselves frequently away, leaving their dog feeling neglected, it can manifest as aggression.

Moreover, the presence of random guests in your home can also affect your Dachshund’s behavior. While some dogs are naturally sociable, others may become anxious or defensive in such situations. It’s essential to consider your dog’s comfort when hosting guests.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is A Dachshund an aggressive dog?

Yes, a Dachshund is considered an aggressive dog.

Do Dachshunds have a bad temperament?

They are known to be courageous, bold, intelligent, versatile, good-tempered, and faithful.

Is a Dachshund a good family dog?

Dachshunds can be a great addition to a family, but it’s important to consider their breed traits and characteristics.

Is a Dachshund a calm dog?

Dachshunds are not naturally calm dogs. They are described as feisty dogs and are prone to anxiety.


Dachshund’s aggressiveness is a complex issue that demands dedicated efforts and attention from every dog owner. Proper care and training are essential components of transforming these potentially aggressive dogs. They loving and loyal pets that can seamlessly integrate into a dog-welcoming family.

Dachshunds can have a reputation for aggression, it’s important to remember that not all of them exhibit this behavior. With the right care, training, and understanding of the underlying causes, these dogs can indeed become affectionate and well-behaved companions for any family. The key lies in the commitment to their well-being and a willingness to address their individual needs effectively.

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