Teacup Maltese: Origin, Facts, Lifespan, Grooming, Price & More

Teacup Maltese

Looking for a cute and cuddly furry companion? If so, have you considered the Teacup Maltese? Despite their tiny size and charming personalities, these pups require extra care to stay healthy and happy.

From their history to unique traits and care requirements, we’ll explore everything you need about Teacup Maltese. Pet lovers worldwide love these adorable pups for more than just their cute appearance.

From their origin in Malta to their popularity in the 21st century, we will delve into the fascinating history of these dogs. We’ll also discuss the pros and cons of owning your pup, including their temperaments, exercise needs, and grooming requirements. Whether you are considering adding a breed to your family or want to learn more about these precious pups, this article will surely provide valuable insights.

Let’s learn everything we can about Teacup Maltese, shall we? Let’s jump right in!

Teacup Maltese Origin and History

The Teacup Maltese breed originated on the Mediterranean island of Malta and is a smaller version of the standard Maltese breed. The history of Maltese dogs dates back more than 2000 years, when they were bred to be lap dogs for wealthy families. They were also used for hunting small rodents in palaces and castles.

In the 15th century, Maltese dogs gained popularity in Europe and became a favorite pet among the noble class. Many artists, including the famous painter Goya, featured Maltese dogs in their artwork, further increasing their popularity.

This breed, as we know it today, is a result of breeding the smallest Maltese dogs to produce a tiny version of this already petite breed. The exact time when breeders started creating Teacup Maltese is unclear, but it is believed to have happened in the 1990s.

Over the years, they have gained immense popularity. They are incredibly adorable and make great companions for people of all ages. Furthermore, they are hypoallergenic, making them an ideal choice for allergy sufferers.

Maltese Teacup Features

Height4inches  – 6 inches
Weight3 lbs. – 5 lbs.
Lifespan12 to 15 years
Coat TypeLong coat, Silky coat, Straight coat
TemperamentIntelligent, Friendly, Active, Playful, Stubborn, etc.
Breed GroupNon sporting
Breed SizeSmall
Energy LevelAverage
ColorsSolid White, White & Lemon, White & Light Tan
Suitable ForNon-sporting
OtherLoyal, Apartment Friendly, Affectionate

Read Next: Black Pitbulls Complete Guide

What Does a Teacup Maltese Look Like?

Teacup Maltese Size & Life Span

The Teacup Maltese is a small dog that usually weighs 3 to 5 pounds and stands 4 to 6 inches tall.

Teacup Maltese

Their small size makes them extremely delicate and fragile, requiring extra care. It takes an average Teacup Maltese dog 12 to 15 years to reach maturity, which is relatively long compared to other small breeds.

Despite their small size, they require much attention and care to stay healthy and happy.

Having one of these pets can bring you much joy and companionship for many years. Care and attention can help them live a long and happy life.

Maltese Teacup Coat and Color

The Teacup Maltese has a luxurious single-layered, silky, straight, flowing coat. A hypoallergenic and low-shedding coat is one of the breed’s unique characteristics.

Teacup Maltese Colors

During maturing, these puppies’ soft, silky coats gradually become longer and straighter. Their coat texture is light and airy, making it easy to maintain with regular grooming.

AKC recognizes only one standard color for this breed: pure white, although puppies come in many colors. However, some breeders claim to have Teacup Maltese puppies with different coat colors, including cream, light tan, and Solid white. It is essential to note that any puppy not white does not meet the AKC’s standard for this breed.

Maltese Teacup Facial Features  

Teacup Maltese dogs have large, dark, round eyes set well apart. Several characteristics make them stand out, including their eyes, which give them an innocent and sweet appearance. It is easy for dogs to detect movements from a distance due to their keen sense of sight.

Teacup Maltese

The dogs have a small, black button nose set in a well-proportioned face. A nose is one of their most distinguishing features and is essential for their sense of smell. Maltese teacup dogs can detect even the slightest odor due to their highly developed sense of smell.

There is a long, silky white coat on the dog. The coat of these animals is one of their most recognizable features, so they require regular grooming to maintain it in top condition. People with allergies may enjoy Maltese teacup dogs because they do not shed much.

They have floppy and dangling ears covered with long, silky hair. Their ears are one of their most adorable features, giving them a playful and cheerful appearance. They have excellent hearing and can detect even the faintest sounds.

Read Next: Golden Retriever Price Guide

Teacup Maltese Temperament

Teacup Maltese Running

Teacup Maltese is a friendly, lively, and affectionate breed that loves to be with its owners. Dogs that require attention crave attention and are not good if left alone for long periods.

Aside from intelligence, they can also follow instructions and perform tricks. Their small size, however, may not be ideal for families with young children.

Playfulness and love are the hallmarks of the breed. As active as they are and as much as they love to play, they also enjoy napping with their owners. Whenever they feel threatened or anxious, they bark loudly. The dogs aren’t aggressive but can become timid or fearful if they aren’t socialized properly.

For valuable tips to train your Teacup Maltese, watch this video:

As mentioned earlier, this intelligent Breed can be trained easily. Consistent training is important since they can be stubborn as well. Socialization is also crucial for Teacup Maltese to prevent them from becoming anxious or fearful around strangers or other dogs.

Teacup Maltese Common Health Problem & Care  


Despite its beauty and unique personality, Teacup Maltese are susceptible to certain health conditions.

  1. Hypoglycemia
  2. Periodontal Disease: 
  3. Mast Cell Tumors (MCTs)
  4. Portosystemic Shunt (PSS)
  5. Bone fractures

Due to their small size, hypoglycemia or low blood sugar is a common health concern in Teacup Maltese. A drop in blood sugar levels causes symptoms like weakness, lethargy, seizures, and even coma if severe.

Teacup Maltese

These puppies are especially susceptible to hypoglycemia as their energy needs are higher than adult dogs, and they have smaller fat stores to draw energy from. This makes it essential to monitor their blood sugar levels and ensure they’re regularly eating.

A common dental problem among dogs, including Teacup Maltese, is periodontal disease. Severe dental problems can develop when left untreated, leading to tooth loss. Therefore, maintaining your dog’s dental health requires knowledge of its causes, symptoms, and treatment options. The buildup of plaque and tartar on the teeth leads to periodontal disease in dogs, which causes inflammation of the gums.

Bone fractures are a common injury in dogs, and they are no exception. Due to their small size and delicate bones, these tiny dogs are particularly prone to bone fractures.

Various factors, including falls, collisions with objects, and rough play with other dogs, can cause bone fractures in your breed. Their small size and fragile bones make them more susceptible to fractures, especially in their legs and paws. Supervising your puppy at all times is important to prevent accidents and injuries.


Teacup Maltese dogs need regular exercise and playtime to remain happy and healthy. Take them for short walks, and provide them with toys to keep them entertained and active.

Teacup Maltese

The dogs are fragile and require extra care to avoid injuries. Keep them away from stairs and high places and ensure they don’t jump from the furniture.

You should visit your veterinarian regularly to ensure the health of your breed. You can detect and prevent underlying health issues from becoming more severe through these check-ups.

Teacup Maltese Grooming

Do Teacup Maltese Shed?

Yes, Teacup Maltese dogs do shed, but they shed very little compared to other breeds. They shed very little hair due to their silky, soft, and long coats without an undercoat. People with dog allergies may find them suitable since they are hypoallergenic. However, it is important to note that no dog breed is completely hypoallergenic, and individuals may still have an allergic reaction to your dogs.

Teacup Maltese dogs have a single layer of hair, so their shedding is minimal. Maintaining the health of the coat and preventing mattes and tangles requires regular grooming. Additionally, bathing them regularly is essential for their health and cleanliness.


Regular brushing is essential to prevent matting and tangling, especially in areas behind the ears, under the legs, and around the anus. Pet owners should gently brush their dog’s coat using a slicker brush to avoid pulling the hair.

Teacup Maltese Brushing

For your breed’s health and well-being, brushing regularly is essential. Brushing removes dirt, debris, and tangles from their coat, preventing mats and knots from forming, which can lead to skin irritation, infection, and discomfort. Regular brushing them regularly can also keep their coats healthy and moisturized.

It would help to brush your Teacup Maltese at least once daily to keep their coat in good condition. Your dog may need to be brushed twice daily or more if their hair is longer, thicker, or matts easily. Brushing your dog’s hair before or after meals is recommended, as a full stomach can cause discomfort and lead to vomiting.

Slicker brushes or wide-tooth combs are great for detangling your dog’s hair. The tangles or knots in their coat will be removed this way.

Starting at the head and working down, brush their coat thoroughly with a pin or bristle. Don’t pull or tug on their hair and be gentle with them.

Use a metal comb to go through their coat again, checking for any remaining tangles or mats. If you find any, use a de-matting tool to remove them gently.

Use scissors to trim any excess hair that is too long or tangled to brush. Finish using a fine-tooth comb or a soft brush to give your Teacup Maltese a polished look.


Before you start bathing your Teacup Maltese, make sure that you have everything you need. Gather all necessary supplies, including shampoo, conditioner, towels, and a brush. To prevent accidents, use a non-slip mat in the tub or sink.

Teacup Maltese Bathing

They have sensitive skin, so choosing a mild shampoo that won’t irritate them is essential. Look for a shampoo specifically designed for small breeds and ensure it’s free of harsh chemicals and fragrances. Before choosing a shampoo, you should consult your veterinarian. Apply some conditioner to your dog’s fur after shampooing, keeping their eyes, nose, and ears out.

Apply a small amount of shampoo to your breed’s fur after gently wetting it with lukewarm water. With your fingers, massage the shampoo into their fur to create a lather. Be careful not to get shampoo in their eyes, nose, or ears. After washing the skin, it should be rinsed thoroughly with warm water.

They don’t require frequent bathing, which can dry their skin and coat. Bathe your pup every three to four weeks or as needed. If your puppy has a skin condition, consult your veterinarian for bathing frequency and techniques.

Trimming Nails & Ear Cleaning

It’s important to avoid cutting too much of the nail when trimming nails, as this could cause bleeding and discomfort. A high-quality nail clipper designed for small dogs like Teacup Maltese can make the process easier and safer. Trimming the nails once every two to three weeks is recommended, depending on how fast they grow.

Teacup Maltese Nail Trimming

It is also important to clean the ears regularly to prevent ear infections, common in dogs with floppy ears, such as the Teacup Maltese. A gentle ear cleaner for dogs should be used with a soft cloth or cotton ball. Cotton swabs can push the debris further into the ear canal, complicating the situation.

Regularly checking and cleaning the ears and trimming the nails of your breed can help them stay healthy and happy. However, if you notice any signs of infection, such as redness, discharge, or a foul odor, you must seek veterinary care immediately.

Read Next: All about Parti Yorkie

What Do Teacup Maltese Eat?

The diet should also contain adequate amounts of carbohydrates and fats, which provide energy and support healthy skin and coats.

Teacup Maltese Eating

Feeding your puppy with high-quality commercial dog food is recommended as it meets its nutritional requirements. The ingredients used in a brand must be natural and wholesome, free from fillers and artificial preservatives.

It’s also important to monitor the portion size as overfeeding can lead to obesity, a common problem in small dog breeds like Teacup Maltese. Feeding them small and frequent meals throughout the day can help prevent digestive issues and maintain their blood sugar levels.

Additionally, always providing your dog with fresh and clean water is important. Infections of the urinary tract and kidney disease can result from dehydration.

Consult with your veterinarian to determine your pup’s diet requirements and preferences. A well-balanced diet keeps them healthy, active, and happy.

Frequency & Amount

Food frequency and amount will depend on several factors, including Teacup Maltese’s age, weight, activity level, and overall health. A balanced diet in appropriate amounts is essential for avoiding overfeeding and underfeeding.

As a general guideline, adult Teacup Maltese should be fed two to three small meals daily, consisting of 1/4 to 1/2 cups of high-quality dog food. Maintaining a close eye on their weight and adjusting their portion size is crucial.

Puppies require more frequent feedings, typically four to six small daily meals until they are around six months old. A veterinarian can determine your pet’s appropriate feeding schedule and portion size based on weight and age.

It’s important to avoid overfeeding your dog as they are prone to obesity, which can lead to several health problems such as joint issues, heart disease, and diabetes. Feeding them small and frequent meals throughout the day can help prevent overeating and maintain their blood sugar levels.

Is Teacup Maltese Right For You?

Teacup Maltese dogs are adorable and friendly companions that can bring joy and happiness to your life. However, several important factors must be considered before bringing one into your home.

Teacup Maltese dogs are very small and delicate, which makes them vulnerable to injury and stress. They are not recommended for households with small children or a busy environment, as they require a calm and peaceful atmosphere.

The dogs require a lot of attention and affection from their owners. They love to be near their family members and can become anxious or depressed when left alone for extended periods if they have a busy lifestyle or cannot commit to spending time with their pets.

Pros and Cons of Maltese Teacups

Ensure that all the pros and cons of having such an intelligent breed are considered before bringing a Teacup Maltese into your life.

Low sheddingHealth issues
Family FriendlyStubborn
Need very little spaceRequire Regular Grooming

Teacup Maltese Dog Price

A Teacup Maltese can range anywhere from $500 to $3,500, depending on the breeder, location, bloodline, and availability. Some breeders may charge more for your breed with rare or desirable traits, such as a smaller size, a particular coat pattern, or a champion bloodline.

Teacup Maltese

Researching and choosing a reputable breeder who is knowledgeable and passionate about breeding healthy and happy is important. A good breeder will conduct health screenings on their breeding dogs and provide you with information on the puppy’s lineage and health history.

It’s important to avoid purchasing a pup from a pet store or an online marketplace, as these sources may not provide the same quality and care as a reputable breeder. These sources may also contribute to the problem of puppy mills, where dogs are bred in inhumane and unhealthy conditions.

Additional Expenses 

As a pet owner, it’s important to consider all the expenses of owning a Teacup Maltese beyond the initial purchase price. In addition to the ongoing costs of food and veterinary care, other fees should be considered.

Grooming is essential to caring for a Teacup Maltese, as their long, silky coat requires regular brushing and trimming to prevent matting and tangling. You may groom your dog yourself or hire a professional groomer, which can add to your expenses.

Maintaining oral health by scheduling regular dental check-ups and cleanings is also important. Your dog’s well-being depends on this, which can be costly.

Read Next: Pug Dog Price Guide

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Maltese a good family dog?

These small dogs are known for their loving and affectionate nature, and they love nothing more than snuggling up with their human family members.

Do Teacup Maltese bark a lot?

Like all small dogs, Teacup Maltese can tend to bark more than larger breeds.

How big does a teacup Maltese get?

The term “teacup Maltese” refers to Maltese dogs smaller than the standard breed and weighing less than 4 pounds.

What is the lifespan of a teacup Maltese?

The lifespan of a teacup Maltese can vary depending on several factors, including genetics, diet, exercise, and overall health care.

Do teacup Maltese stay small?

Teacup Maltese is a smaller version of the Maltese breed, often bred to be smaller than the standard size.

What are the disadvantages of a teacup Maltese?

However, there are some potential disadvantages to consider before adopting one: Health problems, Fragility, and Training difficulties.

Final Thoughts

Teacup Maltese dogs are an adorable and lovable breed that makes great pets for those looking for a small companion. They are intelligent, affectionate, and energetic, perfect for families and individuals. However, owning a Teacup Maltese requires significant time, effort, and attention to ensure they remain happy and healthy.

If you are considering getting Teacup Maltese, ensure you are prepared to provide them with the love and care they deserve. Managing Teacup Maltese requires a significant commitment, from a nutritious diet to regular exercise and grooming. Having a wonderful and loving companion makes all the effort worthwhile.

More Articles